Independent Contractor Misclassification Settlement

The misclassification of employees as independent contractors is a growing problem in the U.S. economy that robs workers of fair pay, benefits, and job security. Misclassifying workers also deprives governments of tax revenue and disadvantages employers who play by the rules.

Stepped up regulatory agency enforcement has put companies that misclassify workers on notice. Government prosecutions have resulted in numerous seven-figure worker misclassification settlements, but even larger settlements—many exceeding $10 million—have been reached in lawsuits brought by workers themselves.

Class action lawsuits alleging that workers paid on a Form 1099 basis should actually be paid on a Form W2 basis can recover back pay and other benefits for misclassified workers, who are found in virtually every sector of the economy, but tend to be concentrated in industries that include transportation, technology, car services, staffing, and the sharing or “gig” economy.

ClassAction.com encourages workers to look over the settlements below and contact us if they have reason to believe they too are being wrongly considered an independent contractor.

Sharing Economy

Lyft

A judge approved a $27 million class action settlement in a case brought against Lyft on behalf of California drivers who claimed the ride-hailing company misclassified them as independent contractors. Under the settlement terms, which received preliminary approval in June 2016, drivers will remain contractors (not employees) but receive money to reimburse expenses such as gas and vehicle maintenance. Lyft also agreed to make changes to its terms of service that outline the reasons for which drivers’ accounts can be deactivated.

Uber

Uber’s $100 million settlement with 385,000 California and Massachusetts drivers allows the ride-sharing company to continue to classify its drivers as independent contractors. The settlement money will provide reimbursement for drivers based on how many miles they drove for Uber, with some receiving up to around $8,000. Uber will also update some of its driver policies, allow signs soliciting tips to be place on the inside of cars, and aid in the creation of driver unions. Some class members claim that the settlement is inadequate. A judge must still give final approval to the April 2016 deal.

Drivers

SoCal Port Truckers

A $5 million class action lawsuit settlement was reached in July 2016 between several trucking companies and around 400 Southern California truckers. The lawsuit claimed that the drivers should be considered employees of the trucking companies, not independent contractors, and accused the companies of labor violations. Drivers alleged they had to pay out of pocket for trucks and maintenance costs but were denied rights such as breaks and expense reimbursement. In recent years, hundreds of lawsuits have been filed on behalf of Southern California truckers who work at the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach.

FedEx

FedEx will pay delivery drivers in 20 states $240 million to settle allegations that the company misclassified drivers as independent contractors to avoid providing them benefits and to save money on taxes. Since 2011, FedEx has worked with companies that directly employ drivers. The settlement affects 12,000-13,000 drivers, some of whom will be paid tens of thousands of dollars. FedEx reached a similar deal worth $228 million in June 2015 with a class of California drivers.

SuperShuttle

SuperShuttle, an airport shuttle company operating in California, agreed to a $12 million worker misclassification settlement in June 2014. The settlement provided eligible SuperShuttle franchisees/owner-operators compensation for unpaid wages, expense reimbursement, attorney fees, and more. The 3,000 class members received approximately $2,350 apiece.

Bimbo Bakeries

Bimbo—which owns baked goods brands that include Sara Lee, Entenmann’s, and Thomas’—agreed to a $3.5 million settlement in November 2012 with a group of Connecticut distributors who claimed they were misclassified as independent contractors and denied health insurance, paid time off, and expense reimbursement. The distributors also alleged they were not provided worker protections under federal and state laws. Bimbo uses independent distributors as well as employed drivers.

Newspaper Carriers

Sacramento Bee

A Sacramento superior court ruled in 2014 that newspaper carriers for the Sacramento Bee were improperly classified as independent contractors and granted them employee status. Around 5,000 carriers for the Bee filed a class action lawsuit seeking reclassification and mileage reimbursement reported to be worth more than $21 million. According to the judge, Bee carriers “had little or no right to negotiate the terms” of contracts they signed with the paper, which managed, trained, and supervised the carriers.

San Diego Union-Tribune

Carriers for the Union-Tribune (now the U-T San Diego) were awarded more than $4 million, plus attorney fees, when a judge ruled in January 2014 that 1,235 carriers who worked from 2005 to 2007 were misclassified as contractors.

Orange County Register

A class action lawsuit filed by newspaper carriers for the Orange County Register settled in August 2013 for a reported $22 million. The Register denied any wrongdoing but agreed to compensate carriers—who remain independent contractors—for overtime, mileage reimbursement, and additional compensation. The carriers’ attorney argued that the workers were OC Register employees who should have been provided benefits such as workers’ compensation coverage and FICA tax withholding.

Customer Service Representatives

Arise Virtual Solutions Inc.

Customer service representatives provided by hiring agency Arise Virtual Solution for AT&T and Apple accounts in California were awarded a $1.24 settlement in January 2013 to resolve allegations that the reps were misclassified as independent contractors. The home-based virtual call center agents alleged that due to being misclassified, they were paid less than the minimum wage and denied the costs of training, expenses, employer tax contributions, unemployment insurance, and workers compensation.

Oil & Gas Workers

J&A Services LLC

A $2 million settlement was reached in April 2014 between oil field workers claiming to be wrongly misclassified as independent contractors and J&A Services LLC. Under the deal, 71 oil and gas well workers in Colorado, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, and Texas were awarded an average payout of $16,000 for unpaid overtime. Plaintiffs alleged that J&A Services violated the Fair Labor Standards Act by not paying them time and a half for working more than 40 hours in a week.

Exotic Dancers

Fuego’s Exotic Dance Club/Club Extasy Exotic Dance Club

Exotic dancers for the two clubs, located in Prince George’s Country, Maryland, were awarded more than $265,000 for unpaid minimum wage and overtime in February 2015 after a judge found they had been improperly classified as independent contractors. Individual dancers received between $18,000 and $103,000 in back wages under Maryland labor laws. The judge ruled that the dancers were club employees because they were integral to the business and their job duties required a degree of skill.

Spearmint Rhino

A nationwide class action lawsuit filed by dancers for the Spearmint Rhino adult nightclub resulted in a settlement worth nearly $13 million. The dancers claimed they were employees of the club, not independent contractors, and owed minimum wage and other benefits. Compensation was provided to dancers in California, Nevada, Kentucky, Idaho, Texas, Nevada, and Florida. As part of the deal, the Spearmint Rhino, Rouge, and Blue Zebra gentleman’s clubs agreed to consider dancers employees moving forward.

Home Installation Workers

Lowe’s

Workers who installed products purchased from home improvement chain Lowe’s were awarded $6.5 million plus legal fees to settle a class action lawsuit brought by workers who said they were misclassified as independent contractors and denied overtime wages and other employee benefits. The judge agreed with the installers that Lowe’s controlled all aspects of their work, including when and where they did jobs, how they dressed, and whether they could do extra work for the customers not specified by Lowe’s. The settlement applied to roughly 4,000 installers who did jobs for Lowe’s between June 2008 and the May 2014 settlement date.

Cleaning and Janitorial Workers

CleanNet USA Inc.

Commercial cleaning franchise CleanNet USA misclassified “franchisee” workers as independent contractors, according to claims from a Massachusetts class action lawsuit that settled for $7.5 million in 2013. The lawsuit alleged that CleanNet misclassified workers to avoid timely payment of wages, duped them into shelling out money for franchises that didn’t provide the lucrative returns they were promised, and targeted non-English speaking immigrants.

Misclassified? Learn How a Lawsuit Can Help.

A misclassification lawsuit can provide compensation for back wages and other benefits. See if you have a case during a free case review from ClassAction.com.